pentose phosphate pathway

pentose phosphate pathway
The pathway that oxidizes glucose 6-phosphate to ribulose 5-phosphate and then converts it to a variety of three to seven carbon sugars; it forms several important products (NADPH for biosynthesis, pentoses, and other sugars) and also can be used to degrade glucose to CO2.

Microbiology. . 2009.

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  • Pentose phosphate pathway — The pentose phosphate pathway (also called Phosphogluconate Pathway, or HexoseMonophosphate Shunt [HMP shunt] ) is a process that serves to generate NADPH and the synthesis of pentose (5 carbon) sugars. There are two distinct phases in the… …   Wikipedia

  • pentose phosphate pathway — a major branching of the Embden Meyerhof pathway of carbohydrate metabolism: a pathway of hexose oxidation in which glucose 6 phosphate undergoes two successive oxidations by NADP, the final one being an oxidative decarboxylation to form a… …   Medical dictionary

  • pentose phosphate pathway — (= pentose shunt; hexose monophosphate pathway; phosphogluconate oxidative pathway) Alternative metabolic route to Embden Meyerhof pathway for breakdown of glucose. Diverges from this when glucose 6 phosphate is oxidized to ribose 5 phosphate by… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • pentose phosphate pathway — noun an alternative series of biochemical reactions to glycolysis for oxidising glucose, important for the synthesis of pentoses …  

  • pentose shunt — pentose phosphate pathway …   Medical dictionary

  • Pentose — A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms.They either have an aldehyde functional group in position 1 (aldopentoses), or a ketone functional group in position 2 (ketopentoses).The aldopentoses have three chiral centres ( asymmetric… …   Wikipedia

  • pathway — 1. A collection of axons establishing a conduction route for nerve impulses from one group of nerve cells to another group or to an effector organ composed of muscle or gland cells. 2. Any sequence of chemical reactions leading from one …   Medical dictionary

  • Glucose-6-phosphate — Chembox new ImageFileL1=Glucose 6 phosphate skeletal.png ImageFileR1=Beta D glucose 6 phosphate 3D balls.png ImageSize= IUPACName=(3,4,5,6 tetrahydroxytetrahydropyran 2 yl) methoxyphosphonic acid OtherNames= Section1= Chembox Identifiers CASNo=56 …   Wikipedia

  • Metabolic pathway — In biochemistry, metabolic pathways are series of chemical reactions occurring within a cell. In each pathway, a principal chemical is modified by a series of chemical reactions. Enzymes catalyze these reactions, and often require dietary… …   Wikipedia

  • Ribose 5-phosphate — IUPAC name (2,3,4 Trihydroxy 5 oxo pentoxy)phosphonic acid …   Wikipedia

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